Infectious Diseases >> Filaria
The objective of treatment is to eliminate the parasite, arrest infection, reduce the recurrent attacks, to prevent morbidity and further worsening.
Diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) is currently the only drug of choice for the treatment of lymphatic filariasis that is effective, safe and relatively cheap.
It is helpful to apply physiotherapy along with chemotherapy for faster relief and cure. E.g. Pressure bandage and manual massage.
It is useful both for the reduction of oedema and the associated pain. Wet heat therapy is given by immersing the affected limbs in a bucket of warm water for about 10-15 minutes daily in the evening when the size of the swelling is increased due to the day's activity to facilitate circulation is recommended.
Intermittent low pressure or continuous higher pressure is generated in the affected parts using appropriate electrically operated machines. Elastic bandaging after compression as an adjunct is essential.
Interferential current therapy
Low frequency interferential current stimulation is given to the affected part of the body, by using two electrodes placed on the skin diametrically opposite with one having a fixed stimulation (4000 Hz) and the other variable (3850 to 4000 Hz).